Artikkel 61
Mutual assistance

Offisielle tekster Retningslinjer
og beslutninger
Vurderinger
EU-regulering
Vurderinger
nasj. regulering
Vis forordningens fortaletekst relatert til art. 61 keyboard_arrow_down Skjul forordningens fortaletekst relatert til art. 61 keyboard_arrow_up

(5) The economic and social integration resulting from the functioning of the internal market has led to a substantial increase in cross-border flows of personal data. The exchange of personal data between public and private actors, including natural persons, associations and undertakings across the Union has increased. National authorities in the Member States are being called upon by Union law to cooperate and exchange personal data so as to be able to perform their duties or carry out tasks on behalf of an authority in another Member State.

(133) The supervisory authorities should assist each other in performing their tasks and provide mutual assistance, so as to ensure the consistent application and enforcement of this Regulation in the internal market. A supervisory authority requesting mutual assistance may adopt a provisional measure if it receives no response to a request for mutual assistance within one month of the receipt of that request by the other supervisory authority.

Vis direktivets fortaletekst relatert til art. 61 keyboard_arrow_down Skjul direktivets fortaletekst relatert til art. 61 keyboard_arrow_up

(64) Whereas the authorities in the different Member States will need to assist one another in performing their duties so as to ensure that the rules of protection are properly respected throughout the European Union;

GDPR

The objective of the European legislature is to set explicit and consistent rules on mandatory mutual assistance between supervisory authorities and to oversee the penalties in cases of failure to comply with a request from another supervisory authority.

Article 61, paragraph 1 introduces the general principle that the supervisory authorities should share all useful information and help each other to ensure a consistent application of EU rules. Mutual assistance shall cover, in particular, information requests and supervisory measures for instance prior authorizations and consultations, inspections and investigations.

Each supervisory authority shall take all appropriate measures required to reply to a request from another supervisory authority without undue delay and no later than one month after receiving the request (paragraph 2). In order to be eligible, requests for assistance must satisfy paragraph 3, that the requests contain all the necessary information including the purpose of and reasons for the request and that the information exchanged shall be used only for the purpose for which it was requested. 

Paragraph 4 lists exhaustively the only two acceptable reasons for which a national authority may refuse to comply with a request for assistance. It rests on the competence of the authority to handle the subject-matter of the request or the measures it is requested to execute (a); where the request for assistance in incompatible with the Regulation or Union or Member State law to which the supervisory authority receiving the request is subject (b). In the case of refusal, the requested supervisory authority shall provide reasons for their decision (paragraph 5).

The requesting supervisory authority shall be informed of the results or, as the case may be, of the progress of the measures taken in order to respond to the request (paragraph 5).

Article 61 also defines the modes for communication between authorities; in principle the information requested must be delivered by electronic means, using a standard form. It follows in paragraph 7 that supervisory authorities are to provide the mutual assistance free of charge however the parties may agree indemnify each other for specific expenditure but only in exceptional circumstances (paragraph 5). 

Where a supervisory authority does not provide the information within one month of receiving the request, the requesting supervisory authority may adopt a provisional measure in the territory of its Member State in accordance with Article 55. In this scenario, the urgent need to act under Article 66 shall be presumed met and require an urgent binding decision from the European Data Protection Board pursuant to Article 66 (2).

Finally, it should be noted that the Commission may, by means of implementing acts, specify the standardized format and procedures for mutual assistance and the arrangements for the exchange of information by electronic means between supervisory authorities, with the Board and in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 93 (2).

Direktivet

Under the Directive, the Member States were already required to help each other to fulfil their tasks and ensure full compliance with the data protection rules. So, Article 28 (6) of the Directive provides for the supervisory authorities to mutually cooperate to the extent necessary for the performance of their duties, in particular by exchanging all useful information.

Utfordringer

We do not see a priori any specific implementation difficulties.

Forordning
1e 2e

Art. 61

1.   Supervisory authorities shall provide each other with relevant information and mutual assistance in order to implement and apply this Regulation in a consistent manner, and shall put in place measures for effective cooperation with one another. Mutual assistance shall cover, in particular, information requests and supervisory measures, such as requests to carry out prior authorisations and consultations, inspections and investigations.

2.   Each supervisory authority shall take all appropriate measures required to reply to a request of another supervisory authority without undue delay and no later than one month after receiving the request. Such measures may include, in particular, the transmission of relevant information on the conduct of an investigation.

3.   Requests for assistance shall contain all the necessary information, including the purpose of and reasons for the request. Information exchanged shall be used only for the purpose for which it was requested.

4.   The requested supervisory authority shall not refuse to comply with the request unless:

(a)

it is not competent for the subject-matter of the request or for the measures it is requested to execute; or

(b)

compliance with the request would infringe this Regulation or Union or Member State law to which the supervisory authority receiving the request is subject.

5.   The requested supervisory authority shall inform the requesting supervisory authority of the results or, as the case may be, of the progress of the measures taken in order to respond to the request. The requested supervisory authority shall provide reasons for any refusal to comply with a request pursuant to paragraph 4.

6.   Requested supervisory authorities shall, as a rule, supply the information requested by other supervisory authorities by electronic means, using a standardised format.

7.   Requested supervisory authorities shall not charge a fee for any action taken by them pursuant to a request for mutual assistance. Supervisory authorities may agree on rules to indemnify each other for specific expenditure arising from the provision of mutual assistance in exceptional circumstances.

8.   Where a supervisory authority does not provide the information referred to in paragraph 5 of this Article within one month of receiving the request of another supervisory authority, the requesting supervisory authority may adopt a provisional measure on the territory of its Member State in accordance with Article 55(1). In that case, the urgent need to act under Article 66(1) shall be presumed to be met and require an urgent binding decision from the Board pursuant to Article 66(2).

9.   The Commission may, by means of implementing acts, specify the format and procedures for mutual assistance referred to in this Article and the arrangements for the exchange of information by electronic means between supervisory authorities, and between supervisory authorities and the Board, in particular the standardised format referred to in paragraph 6 of this Article. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 93(2).

1. forslag close

Art. 55

1.           Supervisory authorities shall provide each other relevant information and mutual assistance in order to implement and apply this Regulation in a consistent manner, and shall put in place measures for effective co-operation with one another. Mutual assistance shall cover, in particular, information requests and supervisory measures, such as requests to carry out prior authorisations and consultations, inspections and prompt information on the opening of cases and ensuing developments where data subjects in several Member States are likely to be affected by processing operations.

2.           Each supervisory authority shall take all appropriate measures required to reply to the request of another supervisory authority without delay and no later than one month after having received the request. Such measures may include, in particular, the transmission of relevant information on the course of an investigation or enforcement measures to bring about the cessation or prohibition of processing operations contrary to this Regulation.

3.           The request for assistance shall contain all the necessary information, including the purpose of the request and reasons for the request. Information exchanged shall be used only in respect of the matter for which it was requested.

4.           A supervisory authority to which a request for assistance is addressed may not refuse to comply with it unless:

(a)     it is not competent for the request; or

(b)     compliance with the request would be incompatible with the provisions of this Regulation.

5.           The requested supervisory authority shall inform the requesting supervisory authority of the results or, as the case may be, of the progress or the measures taken in order to meet the request by the requesting supervisory authority.

6.           Supervisory authorities shall supply the information requested by other supervisory authorities by electronic means and within the shortest possible period of time, using a standardised format.

7.           No fee shall be charged for any action taken following a request for mutual assistance.

8.           Where a supervisory authority does not act within one month on request of another supervisory authority, the requesting supervisory authorities shall be competent to take a provisional measure on the territory of its Member State in accordance with Article 51(1) and shall submit the matter to the European Data Protection Board in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 57.

9.           The supervisory authority shall specify the period of validity of such provisional measure. This period shall not exceed three months. The supervisory authority shall, without delay, communicate those measures, with full reasons, to the European Data Protection Board and to the Commission.

10.         The Commission may specify the format and procedures for mutual assistance referred to in this article and the arrangements for the exchange of information by electronic means between supervisory authorities, and between supervisory authorities and the European Data Protection Board, in particular the standardised format referred to in paragraph 6. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 87(2).

2. forslag close

Art. 55

1. Supervisory authorities shall provide each other with relevant information and mutual assistance in order to implement and apply this Regulation in a consistent manner, and shall put in place measures for effective co-operation with one another. Mutual assistance shall cover, in particular, information requests and supervisory measures, such as requests to carry out prior authorisations and consultations, inspections and investigations. (...)

2. Each supervisory authority shall take all appropriate measures required to reply to the request of another supervisory authority without undue delay and no later than one month after having received the request. Such measures may include, in particular, the transmission of relevant information on the conduct of an investigation (…).

3. The request for assistance shall contain all the necessary information, including the purpose of the request and reasons for the request. Information exchanged shall be used only for the purpose for which it was requested.

4. A supervisory authority to which a request for assistance is addressed may not refuse to comply with it unless:

(a) it is not competent for the subject-matter of the request or for the measures it is requested to execute;

or (b) compliance with the request would be incompatible with the provisions of this Regulation or with Union or Member State law to which the supervisory authority receiving the request is subject.

5. The requested supervisory authority shall inform the requesting supervisory authority of the results or, as the case may be, of the progress or the measures taken in order to respond to the request. In cases of a refusal under paragraph 4, it shall explain its reasons for refusing the request.

6. Supervisory authorities shall, as a rule, supply the information requested by other supervisory authorities by electronic means, using a standardised format.

7. No fee shall be charged for any action taken following a request for mutual assistance. Supervisory authorities may agree with other supervisory authorities rules for indemnification by other supervisory authorities for specific expenditure arising from the provision of mutual assistance in exceptional circumstances.

8. Where a supervisory authority does not provide the information referred to in paragraph 5 within one month of receiving the request of another supervisory authority, the requesting supervisory authority may adopt a provisional measure on the territory of its Member State in accordance with Article 51(1) and shall submit the matter to the European Data Protection Board (…) in accordance with the consistency mechanism referred to in Article 57.

9. The supervisory authority shall specify the period of validity of such a provisional measure which shall not exceed three months. The supervisory authority shall, without delay, communicate such a measure, together with its reasons for adopting it, to the European Data Protection Board (…) in accordance with the consistency mechanism referred to in Article 57.

10. The Commission may specify the format and procedures for mutual assistance referred to in this article and the arrangements for the exchange of information by electronic means between supervisory authorities, and between supervisory authorities and the European Data Protection Board, in particular the standardised format referred to in paragraph 6. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 87(2).

Direktiv close

Art. 28

(...).

6. Each supervisory authority is competent, whatever the national law applicable to the processing in question, to exercise, on the territory of its own Member State, the powers conferred on it in accordance with paragraph 3. Each authority may be requested to exercise its powers by an authority of another Member State.

The supervisory authorities shall cooperate with one another to the extent necessary for the performance of their duties, in particular by exchanging all useful information.

(...). 

Art. 61

Gjensidig bistand

1. Tilsynsmyndighetene skal utveksle relevant informasjon og yte gjensidig bistand for å oppnå en ensartet gjennomføring og anvendelse av denne forordning samt treffe tiltak for å sikre et effektivt samarbeid seg imellom. Gjensidig bistand skal særlig omfatte anmodninger om informasjon samt tilsynstiltak, f.eks. anmodninger om forhåndsgodkjenninger og gjennomføring av forhåndsdrøftinger, inspeksjoner og undersøkelser.

2. Hver tilsynsmyndighet skal treffe alle egnede tiltak som er nødvendig for å kunne svare på en anmodning fra en annen tilsynsmyndighet, uten ugrunnet opphold og senest én måned etter mottak av anmodningen. Nevnte tiltak kan særlig omfatte overføring av relevant informasjon om gjennomføringen av en undersøkelse.

3. Anmodninger om bistand skal inneholde all nødvendig informasjon, herunder informasjon om formålet med og årsakene til anmodningen. Informasjon som utveksles, skal bare benyttes til de formål som omfattes av anmodningen.

4. Den anmodede tilsynsmyndighet skal ikke nekte å etterkomme anmodningen, med mindre

a) den ikke har kompetanse med hensyn til det anmodningen gjelder, eller de tiltak den anmodes om å iverksette, eller

b) etterkommelse av anmodningen vil være i strid med denne forordning, unionsretten eller medlemsstatenes nasjonale rett som tilsynsmyndigheten som mottar anmodningen, er underlagt.

5. Den anmodede tilsynsmyndigheten skal underrette den anmodende tilsynsmyndigheten om resultatene eller, alt etter hva som er relevant, om framskrittene med tiltakene som er truffet for å svare på anmodningen. Den anmodede tilsynsmyndigheten skal begrunne ethvert avslag på å etterkomme en anmodning i henhold til nr. 4.

6. Anmodede tilsynsmyndigheter skal som hovedregel oversende informasjonen som en annen tilsynsmyndighet har anmodet om, elektronisk og ved bruk av et standardisert format.

7. Anmodede tilsynsmyndigheter skal ikke kreve et gebyr for tiltak de treffer på grunnlag av en anmodning om gjensidig bistand. Tilsynsmyndighetene kan vedta regler for å godtgjøre hverandre for spesifikke utgifter som oppstår ved yting av gjensidig bistand i særlige tilfeller.

8. Dersom en tilsynsmyndighet ikke framlegger informasjonen nevnt i nr. 5 i denne artikkel innen én måned etter å ha mottatt en anmodning fra en annen tilsynsmyndighet, kan den anmodende tilsynsmyndigheten treffe et midlertidig tiltak på sin medlemsstats territorium i samsvar med artikkel 55 nr. 1. I dette tilfellet skal det akutte behovet for å treffe tiltak i henhold til artikkel 66 nr. 1 anses for å være oppfylt og skal kreve en bindende hastebeslutning fra Personvernrådet i henhold til artikkel 66 nr. 2.

9. Kommisjonen kan ved hjelp av gjennomføringsrettsakter fastsette formatene og framgangsmåtene for gjensidig bistand nevnt i denne artikkel og ordningene for elektronisk utveksling av informasjon mellom tilsynsmyndighetene, og mellom tilsynsmyndighetene og Personvernrådet, særlig det standardiserte formatet nevnt i nr. 6 i denne artikkel. Disse gjennomføringsrettsaktene skal vedtas i samsvar med undersøkelsesprosedyren nevnt i artikkel 93 nr. 2.

Gamle loven close

Ingen tilsvarende bestemmelse

close