Article 64
Opinion of the Board

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(139) In order to promote the consistent application of this Regulation, the Board should be set up as an independent body of the Union. To fulfil its objectives, the Board should have legal personality. The Board should be represented by its Chair. It should replace the Working Party on the Protection of Individuals with Regard to the Processing of Personal Data established by Directive 95/46/EC. It should consist of the head of a supervisory authority of each Member State and the European Data Protection Supervisor or their respective representatives. The Commission should participate in the Board's activities without voting rights and the European Data Protection Supervisor should have specific voting rights. The Board should contribute to the consistent application of this Regulation throughout the Union, including by advising the Commission, in particular on the level of protection in third countries or international organisations, and promoting cooperation of the supervisory authorities throughout the Union. The Board should act independently when performing its tasks.

 

There is no recital in the Directive related to article 64.

The GDPR

Article 64 defines the cases for which the opinion of the Board must be requested by a national authority before implementing its decision. The European Board is indeed at the heart of the mechanism for the control of consistency.

The European Board is granted power to issue an opinion on some national authorities draft decisions. To that end, the competent supervisory authority shall communicate the draft decision to the Board, when it:

- aims to adopt a list of the processing operations subject to the requirement for a data protection impact assessment pursuant to Article 35 (4) of the Regulation;

- concerns a matter pursuant to Article 40 7) whether a draft code of conduct or an amendment or extension to a code of conduct complies with this Regulation;

- aims to approve the criteria for accreditation of a body pursuant to Article 41 3) or a certification body pursuant to Article 43 3);

- aims to determine standard data protection clauses referred to in point (d) of Article 46 (2) and in Article 28 (8);

- aims to authorise contractual clauses referred to in point (a) of Article 46 (3);

- aims to approve binding corporate rules within the meaning of Article 47.

Furthermore, any supervisory authority, the Chair of the European Data Protection Board or the Commission may request that any matter of general application or which effects more than one Member State, be examined by the Board with a view to obtaining an opinion, in particular where a competent supervisory authority does not comply with the obligations for mutual assistance (see Article 61) or for joint operations (see Article 62).

Paragraph 3 specifies that the European Board must issue an opinion on the matter submitted under paragraphs 1 and 2, provided that an opinions has not already been issued on the same matter. Moreover, the relevant opinion shall be adopted within eight weeks by simple majority of the members of the Board but the period may be extended by a further six weeks subject to complexity of the subject matter. Regarding the draft decision of the supervisory authority circulated to the members of the Board in accordance with paragraph 6, a member which has not objected within a reasonable period indicated by the Chair, shall be deemed to be in agreement with the draft decision (paragraph 3). The competent supervisory authority shall not adopt the draft decision within that period (paragraph 6).

The modes of communication for the draft decision of a supervisory authority within the meaning of paragraph 1 are defined in paragraphs 4 and 5:

- Supervisory authorities and the Commission shall, without undue delay, communicate in standard format by electronic means to the Board any relevant information, including where relevant a summary of the facts, the draft decision, the grounds for enactment, and the views of other supervisory authorities concerned (paragraph 4).

-  The Chair of the Board shall, without unduedelay inform by electronic means, the members of the Board and the Commission of any relevant information which has been communicated to it using a standardized format (paragraph 5, a)). Where required, The Chair of the Board shall also inform the supervisory authority referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2, and the Commission of the opinion and make it public (paragraph 5, b)).

The relevant supervisory authority shall take utmost account of the opinion of the Board and shall, within two weeks after receiving the opinion, communicate to the Chair of the Board by electronic means whether it will maintain or amend its draft decision. In a case of amendment, the supervisory authority shall communicate the draft decision to the Board in a standardized format (paragraph 7).

Where the supervisory authority concerned informs the Chair of the Board that it does not intend to follow the opinion of the Board, in whole or in part, the Board shall issue a binding decision according to the procedure described in Article 65.

The Directive

The European Data Protection Board did not exist under the Directive.

Potential issues

We do not see  a priori  any specific implementation difficulties.

Regulation
1e 2e

Art. 64

1.   The Board shall issue an opinion where a competent supervisory authority intends to adopt any of the measures below. To that end, the competent supervisory authority shall communicate the draft decision to the Board, when it:

(a) aims to adopt a list of the processing operations subject to the requirement for a data protection impact assessment pursuant to Article 35(4);

(b) concerns a matter pursuant to Article 40(7) whether a draft code of conduct or an amendment or extension to a code of conduct complies with this Regulation;

(c) aims to approve the criteria for accreditation of a body pursuant to Article 41(3) or a certification body pursuant to Article 43(3);

(d) aims to determine standard data protection clauses referred to in point (d) of Article 46(2) and in Article 28(8);

(e) aims to authorise contractual clauses referred to in point (a) of Article 46(3); or

(f) aims to approve binding corporate rules within the meaning of Article 47.

2.   Any supervisory authority, the Chair of the Board or the Commission may request that any matter of general application or producing effects in more than one Member State be examined by the Board with a view to obtaining an opinion, in particular where a competent supervisory authority does not comply with the obligations for mutual assistance in accordance with Article 61 or for joint operations in accordance with Article 62.

3.   In the cases referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2, the Board shall issue an opinion on the matter submitted to it provided that it has not already issued an opinion on the same matter. That opinion shall be adopted within eight weeks by simple majority of the members of the Board. That period may be extended by a further six weeks, taking into account the complexity of the subject matter. Regarding the draft decision referred to in paragraph 1 circulated to the members of the Board in accordance with paragraph 5, a member which has not objected within a reasonable period indicated by the Chair, shall be deemed to be in agreement with the draft decision.

4.   Supervisory authorities and the Commission shall, without undue delay, communicate by electronic means to the Board, using a standardised format any relevant information, including as the case may be a summary of the facts, the draft decision, the grounds which make the enactment of such measure necessary, and the views of other supervisory authorities concerned.

5.   The Chair of the Board shall, without undue, delay inform by electronic means:

(a) the members of the Board and the Commission of any relevant information which has been communicated to it using a standardised format. The secretariat of the Board shall, where necessary, provide translations of relevant information; and

(b) the supervisory authority referred to, as the case may be, in paragraphs 1 and 2, and the Commission of the opinion and make it public.

6.   The competent supervisory authority shall not adopt its draft decision referred to in paragraph 1 within the period referred to in paragraph 3.

7.   The supervisory authority referred to in paragraph 1 shall take utmost account of the opinion of the Board and shall, within two weeks after receiving the opinion, communicate to the Chair of the Board by electronic means whether it will maintain or amend its draft decision and, if any, the amended draft decision, using a standardised format.

8.   Where the supervisory authority concerned informs the Chair of the Board within the period referred to in paragraph 7 of this Article that it does not intend to follow the opinion of the Board, in whole or in part, providing the relevant grounds, Article 65(1) shall apply.

1st proposal close

Art. 58 

1.           Before a supervisory authority adopts a measure referred to in paragraph 2, this supervisory authority shall communicate the draft measure to the European Data Protection Board and the Commission.

2.           The obligation set out in paragraph 1 shall apply to a measure intended to produce legal effects and which:

(a)     relates to processing activities which are related to the offering of goods or services to data subjects in several Member States, or to the monitoring of their behaviour; or

(b)     may substantially affect the free movement of personal data within the Union; or

(c)     aims at adopting a list of the processing operations subject to prior consultation pursuant to Article 34(5); or

(d)     aims to determine standard data protection clauses referred to in point (c) of Article 42(2); or

(e)     aims to authorise contractual clauses referred to in point (d) of Article 42(2); or

(f)      aims to approve binding corporate rules within the meaning of Article 43.

3.           Any supervisory authority or the European Data Protection Board may request that any matter shall be dealt with in the consistency mechanism, in particular where a supervisory authority does not submit a draft measure referred to in paragraph 2 or does not comply with the obligations for mutual assistance in accordance with Article 55 or for joint operations in accordance with Article 56.

4.           In order to ensure correct and consistent application of this Regulation, the Commission may request that any matter shall be dealt with in the consistency mechanism.

5.           Supervisory authorities and the Commission shall electronically communicate any relevant information, including as the case may be a summary of the facts, the draft measure, and the grounds which make the enactment of such measure necessary, using a standardised format.

6.           The chair of the European Data Protection Board shall immediately electronically inform the members of the European Data Protection Board and the Commission of any relevant information which has been communicated to it, using a standardised format. The chair of the European Data Protection Board shall provide translations of relevant information, where necessary.

7.           The European Data Protection Board shall issue an opinion on the matter, if the European Data Protection Board so decides by simple majority of its members or any supervisory authority or the Commission so requests within one week after the relevant information has been provided according to paragraph 5. The opinion shall be adopted within one month by simple majority of the members of the European Data Protection Board. The chair of the European Data Protection Board shall inform, without undue delay, the supervisory authority referred to, as the case may be, in paragraphs 1 and 3, the Commission and the supervisory authority competent under Article 51 of the opinion and make it public.

8.           The supervisory authority referred to in paragraph 1 and the supervisory authority competent under Article 51 shall take account of the opinion of the European Data Protection Board and shall within two weeks after the information on the opinion by the chair of the European Data Protection Board, electronically communicate to the chair of the European Data Protection Board and to the Commission whether it maintains or amends its draft measure and, if any, the amended draft measure, using a standardised format.

2nd proposal close

Art. 58

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7. In the cases referred to in paragraphs 2 and 4 of Article 57, the European Data Protection Board shall issue an opinion on the subject- matter submitted to it provided it has not already issued an opinion on the same matter. This opinion shall be adopted within one month by simple majority of the members of the European Data Protection Board. This period may be extended by a further month, taking into account the complexity of the subject matter. Regarding the draft decision circulated to the members of the Board in accordance with paragraph 6 of Article 57, a member which has not objected within the period indicated by the Chair, shall be deemed to be in agreement with the draft decision.

7a. Within the period referred to in paragraph 7 the competent supervisory authority shall not adopt its draft decision in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 57.

7b. The chair of the European Data Protection Board shall inform, without undue delay, the supervisory authority referred to, as the case may be, in paragraphs 2 and 4 of Article 57 and the Commission of the opinion and make it public.

8. The supervisory authority referred to in paragraph 2 of Article 57 shall take utmost account of the opinion of the European Data Protection Board and shall within two weeks after receiving the opinion, electronically communicate to the chair of the European Data Protection Board whether it maintains or will amend its draft decision and, if any, the amended draft decision, using a standardised format.

9. Where the concerned supervisory authority informs the chair of the European Data Protection Board within the period referred to in paragraph 8 that it does not intend to follow the opinion of the Board, in whole or in part, providing the relevant grounds, paragraph 3 of Article 57 shall apply. 10. (…) 11. (…)

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No specific provision

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